- Kano State criminal justice system personnel, particularly the judiciary, require urgent training and retraining
- The proposed Administration of Criminal Justice Bill in Kano State and the Child Rights Act, 2003 be passed quickly into law
- Alternatives to custodial sentences should be used in order to decongestion prisons in Kano State
- All lunatics in Kano prisons and other prisons across the country should be removed to hospitals for treatment.
- The Government of Kano State must invest in electronic infrastructure in all Kano State judicial and law enforcement institutions to achieve effective and efficient administration of justice in the State.
- Alternatives to incarceration should be used for women, particularly pregnant women and nursing mothers.
- Kano State Government invests in ‘State Brief’ to assist the needy and decongest the prisons.
- Private legal practitioners in Kano State should be encouraged to take up cases on pro bono for indigent detainees.
- Kano State judiciary must strive to develop an effective case management system and effective data collection system to be more efficient.
- The three arms of the criminal justice system in Kano State should work in harmony to fight corruption and abuse of power and the rule of law
- A prison reform organization, the Citizens United for the Rehabilitation of Errants (CURE) has criticized the Nigerian security agencies over the detention of children in adult prisons. …Read More
- How kids are locked up with adults in Nigerian prisonsChristian Atsi, 17, Nasir Mukaila, 16, and Miracle Jonah, 19, are among about 20 underage inmates at the Keffi Prison in Nasarawa State. This was known when a justice organisation visited the prison recently. Read more
- Stop sending children to adult prisons- NGO warns Lagos govtA Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO), Citizens United for the Rehabilitation of Errants, CURE-Nigeria, has warned the Lagos State Government to stop sending children to adult prison facilities. Read more
- Group decries growing numbers of women, babies in prisons -A group, the Citizens United for the Rehabilitation of Errants (CURE) an Abuja-based Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO) has decried the growing numbers of women and babies in prisons. …Read more
Summit on Justice Reforms and Human Rights in Kano State, organised by CURE-Nigeria in collaboration with the NHRC North-West Zonal Office and the Ministry of Justice, Kano State with the support of NBA, Kano Branch
Theme: The Role of Human Rights and the Rule of Law in the Administration of Criminal Justice System Reforms and Prison Decongestion in Kano State.
from all discussed at the summit, a Communique was adopted by all participants which is to serve as a guide for the criminal justice systems reforms in Kano State, Nigeria.
Participants at the Summit on Criminal Justice Reforms and Human Rights in Kano State, held on 25th, October, 2018 at the Nigerian Bar Association Secretariat, Kano State, declare:
Whereas there are 2,448 pretrial detainees in Kano State;
Whereas 1,024 detainees do not have lawyers
Whereas Kano State Legal Aid Council is only staffed with five lawyers and has no operational vehicle;
Whereas the criminal justice institutions in Kano State lack critical and key infrastructure;
Whereas there are 72 women prisoners, 9 babies residing in prison and 38 lunatics languishing in prison in Kano State;
Be It Resolved
That we affirm and recommend that the Kano State judiciary is granted financial autonomy in compliance with the 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (as amended)
We further recommend that:
List of participating agencies: CURE-Nigeria, National Human Rights Commission, Nigeria Bar Association, Judiciary, National Drug Law Enforcement Agency, Legal Aid Council, Nigerian Prison Service, Ministry of Justice, Nigerian Police Force, Sharia Courts, HISBA Board, Public Defendant Office, Young Leaders Rights and Patriotic Initiative of Nigeria (YOLPIN), Isa Wali Ewip Initiative, Media, e.t.c.
CURE-Nigeria has continued its advocacy for justice reforms and respect for human rights across the country. Here is one of such events on the 6th March, 2018 in Asaba, Delta State.
On The Role of the Rule Of Law And Human Rights In Reforming the Criminal Justice System in Delta State Organized By Citizens United For The Rehabilitation Of The Errants (Cure) – Nigeria And Bonum Seeds Foundation In Collaboration With High Court Of Justice, Delta State At Orchid Hotel, DBS Road, GRA, Asaba, Delta State. …Read More
One critical part of our work involves visiting places of detention to assess physical conditions of detention facilities and how these affect detainees’ social, health welfare being. Also, we assess human rights condition of inmates. The findings from these visits form part of our advocacy programming and activities.
Here, the Executive Director, Mr. Sylvester Uhaa, visits SARS Detention Facility in Abuja, in partnership with the National Human Rights Commission, Nigerian Bar Association, the National Committee Against Torture and NOPLIN, ASO Radio, to assess human rights conditions and access to justice for inmates in the facility. This visit was conducted in the wake of the national outcry for the reform of SARS following series of human rights violations.
Visit to Senator David Umaru
Visit to key stakeholders such as the law and policy makers, law enforcement, religious and traditional institutions, among other, is a vital part of effort to achieve justice reforms and promote human rights in Nigeria. Here, members of CURE-Nigeria paid a visit to Distinguished Senator David Umaru, the Chairman, Senate Committee on Human Rights and Judiciary at the National Assembly.
Among other things, CURE-Nigeria asked the Committee to visit places of detention to assess human rights and prison conditions, as well as take steps to ensure the full implementation of the Administration of Criminal Justice Act, 2015, particularly, the use of alternatives to incarceration. We also brougt to his attention some serious loopholes in the Act and the urgent need for amendment of those parts for effective and efficient justice administration in Nigeria. The Senator was pleased with the visit and promised to take our requests to his Committee for consideration and necessary action.
In November 2017, CURE-Nigeria carried out an intensive advocacy on the perennial issue of high rate of awaiting trial inmates in our prisons through the use of press conferences to reach relevant stakeholders. This became imperative as most of the ills in our prisons are linked to congestion due to the large awaiting trial proportion of our prison population. More than 70% of the people in prisons in Nigeria are awaiting trial. CURE-Nigeria visited prisons in Lagos, Port Harcourt, Kano and Enugu, states that are amongst those with the highest awaiting trial population before the press conferences were done at these locations.
Some pictures from the press conference
Two of CURE-Nigeria’s main activities are advocacy visits to stakeholders and training of criminal justice actors. Through these visits, we challenge policies, legislations and practices that do not conform to domestic and international law, and make suggestions for reforms.
Through the training, we are able to train stakeholders such as judicial, police and prison officers, as well as prosecutors on the law and international standards. We invite experts to deliver presentations on various topics, and participants are given plenty of opportunity to ask questions, share ideas and learn from each other. This has contributed to justice reforms in Nigeria. Also, major decisions have been reached at some of these trainings which have huge impact on justice reform in Nigeria. For example, at our training in 2012, a representative of the Federal Ministry of Justice announced the Ministry’s decision to withdraw its proposal to the Federal Government to build more prisons following CURE-Nigeria’s persistence argument that the country does not need new prisons in order to de-congest the prisons, as contained in a letter to the then President Goodluck Jonathan. See link to the letter…….
Here are pictures of some of our advocacy visits and training sessions.
2011 conference, organized by CURE-Nigeria and supported by International CURE; Federal Ministry of Justice, Nigeria; and Jane Addams School of Social Work, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA.
2011 training in Abuja, organized by CURE-Nigeria and the Federal Ministry of Justice, Nigeria
2012 training in Lagos, organized by CURE-Nigeria and the Federal Ministry of Justice, Nigeria.
2015 training in Abuja, organized by CURE-Nigeria, National Human Rights Commission, Federal Ministry of Justice, and High Court of Justice, Federal Capital Territory
Training in Makurdi, organized by CURE-Nigeria and the High Court of Justice, Benue State
Donation of Books to Public Schools in Karshi Abuja
As part of our contribution to education for all, CURE-Nigeria had on the 28th of September,2017 donated text books, dictionaries, exercise books and packets of pen to three public primary and secondary schools in Karshi, Abuja, FCT. The donation was made at the palace of the Emir of Karshi, who personally received the donated items before distributing them to the schools.
The Emir thanked the CURE-Nigeria team, led by the Executive Director and prayed God to continue to strengthen the organisation while urging others to emulate the good gesture. Representatives of the benefitting schools who received the items for their schools took turn to express their gratitude for the donation and noted the materials will further enhance teaching and learning in their various schools.
When we first embarked on our Books Behind Bars Project, – the establishment of libraries and functional education programs in adult and juvenile prisons in Nigeria, little did we know that we would be drawn into establishing libraries in public schools. In fact, we did not know that many of our primary and secondary schools, located right in our cities, like the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, had no libraries and basic infrastructure. Perhaps, like many Nigerians, we were unaware of the realities that characterise and deeply set apart the rich and the powerful away from the weak and the poor in Nigeria.
But we received three pallets of primary school books and decided to reach out to schools. Three public primary schools have benefited so far and we are set to expand.
One of the benefiting schools and perhaps the neediest of them all is the LEA Nurudeen Nursery and Primary School, Karu, Abuja. Located opposite St. Mary’s Catholic Church, Karu, along Karshi Road, it was established on the 10th of December 2009, and has a population of about four hundred and ninety six (496) pupils, all of whom are Muslims. The Head teacher told us that the pupils are from very poor background and most of them are orphans. The pictures reveal this fact.
In addition, the school has very poor staff strength, just 12 teachers, leading to the merging of some classes. At the time of compiling this report, they were about 150 pupils in a class. The Head teacher and the teachers told our staff that it has been impossible to teach. Our staff who compiled this report confirmed that she could not move around the class because it was too full, with some pupils sitting on the bare floor and many sleeping. Our camera could not capture the whole class in a picture.
The school is in a dire need of teachers, about 10, according to the Head teacher to split the classes so that teaching and learning can take place. But it has other needs too including water, computers, and furniture such as table, chairs for pupils and teachers, as well as sporting equipment, among others.
CURE-Nigeria has recruited more 10 graduate interns to teach in the school at the moment, while permanent solution is being sought with respect to teachers.
Fight Against Torture in Nigeria
Nigeria has ratified the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) in 1993, the Convention against Torture (CAT) in 2001 and the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture (OPCAT) in 2009. However, it is yet to recognize the competence of the Committee against Torture to receive communications from individuals under article 22 of CAT. In furtherance of its obligations under OPCAT, Nigeria has established a National Committee on Torture as its National Preventive Mechanism (NPM) for the prevention of torture at the domestic level. The committee is mandated amongst others to receive and consider complaints on torture; conduct visits to places of detention and examine allegations of torture therein; review the treatment of persons in detention with a view to prevent torture; develop a national anti-torture policy and propose an anti-torture legislation. There is also a National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) established for the promotion, protection and enforcement of human rights in line with the Untied Nations General Assembly Resolution.
At the regional level, it is also a State Party to the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights (ACHPR) and at the national level section 34(1)(a) in the constitution prohibits the use of torture and inhuman or degrading treatment.
Practice of Torture and Ill-Treatment
Despite Nigeria’s ratification of major international human rights treaties, the practice of torture and ill-treatment remains rampant. Much of the allegations of torture have been against the country’s security forces particularly the police who has been said to make torture a routine practice. Based on the fact-finding during his visit to Nigeria in 2007, the UN Special Rapporteur on Torture (SRT) concluded that the use of torture was widespread in police custody, particularly systemic in Criminal Investigation Departments, and formed an intrinsic part of police operations especially in the extraction of alleged confessions. He further highlighted the lack of a credible system of accountability of law enforcement agents brought about by ineffective complaints and investigation mechanisms. The SRT found appalling conditions in places of detention: Police cells and prisons were overcrowded with poor hygiene facilities, insufficient sleeping places, food and medical care for detainees, many of whom were in pretrial detention or held without charge for lengthy periods of time. These conditions continue to persist. According to the statistics presented by Amnesty International in its 2010 report, out of 10 inmates in prison are awaiting trial usually for periods spanning over several years. The report further adds that the government’s effort concerning its prison decongestion scheme has not made a positive impact to significantly reduce the prison congestion. Corporal punishment such as caning and punishments recognized under the Sharia penal code (i.e. amputation, flogging and stoning to death) remain lawful in Nigeria.
Nigeria has taken some positive steps since the SRT’s visit and the review of its human rights record in the UPR in 2009 towards the prevention of torture with the ratification of OPCAT and the establishment of the National Committee on Torture which has organized a number of public tribunals on police abuse in collaboration with the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) and Network on Police Reform in Nigeria. Despite these efforts, reports and findings of domestic non-governmental sources and international human rights organizations still reveal a continued practice of torture and ill-treatment. According to Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch, Nigeria Police Force continue to be implicated in torture and ill-treatment of criminal suspects especially during the interrogation of suspects. They are also accused of extra-judicial killings of persons in police custody. Also, about 70% of detainees we have interviewed in Suleja and Kuje Prisons for legal aid reported that they were tortured by the police.
According to the Human Rights Watch, the failure of the Nigeria government to prosecute security personnel for the execution of the leader and supporters of the Boko Haram, an Islamic sect responsible for the killings in Borno State in 2009, as well as their role in other violent clashes across the country portray a clear indication of the lack of political will to ensure accountability for these serious abuses.
Recently, the shocking story of a victim of brutal torture by the police, Danjuma Musa, a detainee in Oko Prison in Edo State, came to the fore. CURE-Nigeria and LEDAP have petitioned the Nigerian Police Force and National Human Rights Commission to investigate these allegations. See link to the letter: http://curenigeria.org/petition-national-human-rights-commission-investigate-death-detainees-police-custody-lagos-2/
Following the signing of the Anti-Torture Act, 2017 by President Mohammadu Buhari, CURE-Nigeria, in collaboration with the National Human Rights Commission and Bonum Seeds Foundation, organised a one-day workshop for officers and men of the various security agencies in Abuja on 12 April, 2018 at the NHRC. The theme of the training was: Training of Law Enforcement Officers on the Anti-torture Act. And the objective of the training was to create awareness on, and deepen knowledge for effective compliance and implementation of the Act to eliminate torture in Nigeria.
The training was well attended by the Police, NSCDC, NPS, the media and the general public.
A similar training was organised in Makurdi, the Benue State Capital on the 30th of April 2018
Rule 22 of the Bangkok Rules affirms that “ punishment by close confinement or disciplinary segregation shall not be applied to pregnant women, women with infants and breastfeeding mothers in prison” Also, Rule 57 says that” the provisions of the Toyo Rules shall guide the development and implementation of appropriate responses to women offenders.
Most of the victims of prolonged pre-trial detention in Nigeria do not have legal representation because they cannot afford a lawyer and as such have no access to justice. Hence, they languish in prisons for years, some for alleged offences they neither committed nor knew nothing about and many for offences they would have served a shorter time than they have spent in prison if they had been convicted.
CURE-Nigeria has in recent time partnered with the media to bring issues affecting juveniles who come in conflict with the law to the front burner. Our legal aid project and visits to detention centres enabled us to gain proper insight into how children are faring in the criminal justice system in Nigeria.
Gains are being made from this advocacy as some relevant actors in the criminal justice system are responding to our calls for children to be treated as children by the justice system. For example, the Chief Judge of the FCT paid a visit to the Medium Security Prison Keffi in 2017 after our media statement that the facility was holding juveniles contrary to the provisions of the law.
Below are links to some of the publications:
The juvenile remand centre Gboko in Benue State also benefitted from the donation of educational materials to prisons in Benue State by the US Embassy in Abuja in collaboration with CURE-Nigeria, in May 2017.
Incarceration of Children as a Matter of Last Resort.
The United Nations (UN Beijing Rules) on the Administration of juvenile justice, Rule 26 and its corresponding sections especially 26.2 states that “Juveniles in institutions shall receive care, protection and all necessary assistance – social, educational, vocational, psychological,
Donation of Books
In addition to supporting education in prisons, CURE-Nigeria also donated Text books to the Benue State University Makurdi, the National Library Headquarters Abuja and Tsambe Community Secondary School Adeyongo and Tsedzughul Memorial Secondary Tsambe in Benue State. See link to letter of acknowledgment from the university librarian: BENSU Appreciates Donation of Books
Below are pictures and letters of donations:
Establishment of Libraries in Prisons and Schools
Nigerian prisons lack libraries and educational opportunities for inmates. Educational programs are an intervention proven to reduce recidivism and improve successful reintegration after incarceration. As a consequence of poor or lack of educational opportunities in prisons, Nigeria suffers from high re-offending behaviour
“Although we can all agree that incarceration is sometimes necessary for public safety in our work to protect the American people, we must recognize that incarceration alone does not provide the entire solution. Simply building more prisons and jails will not solve all of our problems. Any effective and economically sustainable public safely strategy must include investments that will help reduce recidivism and to address the root causes of crime.” Eric Holder, U.S. Attorney General